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Home Pharma R&D Steps In Generic Drug Development: What You Need To Know

Steps In Generic Drug Development: What You Need To Know

The process of generic drug development in the pharmaceutical industry involves several steps. Below is a general overview of the steps involved:

  1. Preclinical research: Before any drug can be developed, researchers conduct extensive laboratory and animal studies to identify potential drug candidates.
  2. Investigational New Drug (IND) application: Once a promising drug candidate has been identified, the pharmaceutical company must submit an IND application to the FDA. This application includes data from preclinical studies and outlines the proposed clinical trial plan.
  3. Clinical trials: The clinical trial phase of drug development is the most time-consuming and expensive. Phase I clinical trials involve testing the drug on a small group of healthy volunteers. This determines the appropriate dosage range and identify any potential side effects. Phase II trials involve testing the drug on a larger group of patients with the condition the drug is intended to treat. Phase III trials involve testing the drug on an even larger group of patients. Phase III trials are aimed to determine the drug’s safety and effectiveness compared to existing treatments.
  4. New Drug Application (NDA) submission: Once the clinical trial phase is complete, the pharmaceutical company must submit an NDA to the FDA. This application includes all data from the preclinical and clinical trial phases and outlines the proposed labeling for the drug.
  5. FDA review: The FDA reviews the NDA and makes a decision about whether to approve the drug for marketing. This process can take several months to several years, depending on the complexity of the drug and the data submitted.
  6. Post-marketing surveillance: Once a drug is approved, the pharmaceutical company must continue to monitor the drug’s safety and effectiveness through post-marketing surveillance. This includes reporting any adverse events to the FDA and conducting additional studies as needed.
  7. Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) submission: Once the original drug’s patent has expired, other companies can submit an ANDA to the FDA to market a generic version of the drug. The ANDA must demonstrate that the generic drug is bioequivalent to the original drug and meets the same safety and efficacy standards.
  8. FDA review and approval: The FDA reviews the ANDA and decides whether to approve the generic drug for marketing. This process is generally faster than the NDA review process, as the safety and efficacy of the original drug has already been established.
  9. Manufacturing and marketing: Once the generic drug is approved, the company can begin manufacturing and marketing the drug.

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